Medieval to modern trade routes: the Silk Road then and now
“An Incredibly Detailed Map of Medieval Trade Routes”
For thousands of years, extensive trade networks crisscrossed the great expanse of Eurasia between ancient Chinese empires and the civilizations surrounding the Mediterranean. Known by historians as the Silk Road, this network actually consisted of numerous routes on both land and sea. Reddit use martinjanmannson has compiled an online map of numerous medieval trade routes across Europe and Asia. The zoomable map is available online here. (The image above illustrating a medieval caravan in 1380 is in the public domain).
While trade across this region never really stopped, the collapse of the major civilizations that occupied the region over the millenia certainly reduced trade traffic to a comparative crawl. Now, China is seeking to reinvigorate the Silk Road corridor by financing enormous infrastructure projects across the region. Nicknamed the One Belt, One Road initiative, China is seeking to become the dominant trading partner in this important region.
China’s recent infrastructure investments already have had an effect on the cultural heritage of the area. At Mes Aynak in Afghanistan, China’s interest in a developing a large copper deposit there led to the discovery (or rediscovery) of an enormous Bronze Age archaeological site, testament to the important role of Buddhism in the region. UNESCO has developed an initiative to help expand cultural dialogue across this historic route.
Now China’s efforts will dwarf the outlay of infrastructure investments from the West, particularly when the United States has recently announced renewed sanctions against Iran that will limited western dollars from entering the country. China speeds ahead, however, as a new train to Tehran illustrates.
By Reddit User martinjanmannson
May 19, 2018
By Rick Noack
The Washington Post
May 11, 2018
The Economist Explains: What is China’s belt and road initiative? The many motivations behind Xi Jinping’s key foreign policy.
By J.P., Beijing
May 15, 2017
By Jawid Zeyaratjaye
April 12, 2018