The city of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, was founded by German Francs on the River Scheldt and first named in the 4th century. The city grew to prominence in the after the decline of Bruges and the subsequent transfer of foreign trading offices to Antwerp in the late 15th century. Over the next 100 years, Antwerp became the richest city in Europe. During construction of a large infrastructure project, archaeologists excavated what turned out to be portions of a medieval wall—and water channel for the city’s breweries. (Photo of a 1624 of Antwerp is in the public domain).
'Monumental' 16th century city walls unearthed by Antwerp tram works
August 1, 2017