In 1954, the Hague Convention was developed largely in response to the recognition of the vast destruction of cultural property across Europe during World War II. The First Protocol was adopted in 1954 and the Second Protocol was adopted in 1999. Although the United States ratified the First Protocol in 1954, it did not ratify the Second Protocol until a decade after it was adopted. On-going destruction of cultural property in the Middle East, most notably in Syria by ISIS, has resulted in increasing international attention and concern. Recently, as anti-ISIS forces began regaining control over Mosul in northern Iraq, ISIS destroyed the famous Great Mosque of al-Nuri. This writer looks at national efforts to pass legislation to support the same principles laid out in the Hague Convention.
Destruction of Mosul's Great Mosque holds a heritage lesson for Australia
By Dale Stephens and Tara Gutman
June 29, 2017