While researchers believe Neanderthals to have been a separate species from modern humans, the two groups did overlap for a period of time in parts of what is now Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. A recent study of Neanderthal skeletal remains from northern Israel focused on open-air sites of Neanderthal activity, where most known sites are in caves. This research posits that Neanderthals were more adapted to diverse landscapes and site types than previously thought.
Neanderthals conducted much of their activities in the open landscape
By Heritage Daily
Accessed June 9, 2017