In the first case of its kind, the International Criminal Court tried, and convicted, a person for the intentional destruction of cultural heritage. In 2012, anal-Qaeda affiliated group entered the country of Mali in 2012 and proceeded to impose their strict version of Islamic law, including the destruction of cultural property. This one man eventually ended up convicted by the ICC.
Extremist Pleads Guilty in Hague Court to Destroying Cultural Sites in Timbuktu
By Marlise Simons
The New York Times
August 22, 2016